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About HS2

High Speed 2 (HS2) is currently the largest rail infrastructure project in Europe.

The railway is being developed in phases:

  • phase 1 will connect London with Birmingham
  • phase 2a will connect Birmingham with Manchester
  • phase 2b will connect Birmingham with Leeds

You can view the route maps for each phase on Check the HS2 route ( and where we go (HS2 website) has a list of all the stations, an interactive route map and a description of the route map.


You can view the timeline for each Phase on the HS2 website:

HS2 through Leicestershire

The Eastern leg of Phase 2b from West Midlands to Leeds ( shows where the route comes past Leicestershire.

About 30km of Phase 2b will pass through Leicestershire to the north of the County. The proposals for this are now being developed by HS2 Ltd.

The overall programme for HS2 Phase 2b is:

  • 2020 – Hybrid Bill submitted to Parliament
  • 2023 – Royal Assent
  • 2023 – Site clearance and construction start
  • 2031 – Construction substantially complete
  • 2033 – First passenger trains run

Hybrid Bill

HS2: In your area - Government hybrid Bills  Opens new window

A hybrid Bill is legislation promoted by Government in Parliament to secure powers to construct and operate major infrastructure projects of national importance. This allows the Government to seek the full range of statutory powers and authorisations that a project of this size and complexity requires. This may include revisions to the rail regulatory regime and the planning regime, as well as provisions to enable the making of subsequent orders and regulations by way of statutory instrument. Hybrid Bills have been most recently used for Phase One and Phase 2a of HS2, as well as projects such as CrossRail and the Channel Tunnel (HS1).

A hybrid Bill will not only grant deemed planning permission to build the HS2 network, but will also give it powers to:

  • build, operate and maintain HS2 and its associated works
  • compulsorily acquire interests in the land required
  • affect or change rights of way, including the stopping-up or diversion of highways and waterways (permanently or temporarily)
  • modify infrastructure belonging to statutory undertakers (e.g. utility companies)
  • carry out work on listed buildings and demolish buildings in Conservation Areas
  • carry out protective works to buildings and third-party infrastructure

Hybrid Bill is comparable with outline planning permission.   It will not be possible to alter HS2 proposals after hybrid Bill receives Royal Assent.

Hybrid Bill process

You can read more in the Phase 2b factsheet: Hybrid Bill process (HS2 website)

Royal Assent

The Royal assent of the sovereign to a Bill which has been passed by Parliament, and which then becomes an Act of Parliament. Royal assent by the sovereign (in person or through commissioners of the Crown) is required before a Bill (or a Measure passed by the General Synod of the Church of England) can come into force as law, but it has not been withheld since 1707.

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