Education, Health and Care Plan and annual reviews

Find out what an Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP) is, who it is for, and how to ensure it stays up to date through effective annual reviews.

Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP)

An EHCP is for children and young people aged up to 25 who need more support than is available through special educational needs support.

Parent/carers, professionals or school staff can request a needs assessment for a child. After the assessment, a panel of professionals will decide whether your child needs an EHCP. If the decision is made to issue a plan, then an EHCP will be completed and circulated for approval. If the decision is made to decline to issue, the child's needs assessment can still be utilised by school and parent/carers as a holistic assessment.

An EHCP can offer:

  • a record of the views, interests and aspirations of the parents, children and/or young people
  • a full description of the child or young person’s special educational needs and any health and social care needs
  • outcomes across education, health and social care based on the child or young person’s needs and aspirations
  • specification of the provision required and how education, health and care services will work together to meet the child or young person’s needs and support the achievement of the agreed outcomes

Find out more about the Education, Health and Care Plan (EHCP)


The level of provision a child/young person is receiving may not change from the “Specialist Support” level of provision when an EHCP is put into place.

Annual review process

The annual review process ensures EHCP’s remain up to date. This ensures that the interventions it outlines are always relevant to the child or young person.

Find out more about the annual review process, tips for conducting an effective annual review and answers to some frequently asked questions:

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Information for schools